Vasteras is Sweden's sixth largest city with approximately 142 000 inhabitants. Since Vastra Aros was founded by the river Svartan more than 1,000 years ago, the city has grown, developed and changed character.
Vasteras is in a very exciting period at the moment. The city is evolving and growing closer to Lake Malaren. Vasteras is developing into an attractive knowledge and meeting/conference city at the forefront of development.
In Vasteras, enterprising and talented people are doing what was once not possible. New homes are being built directly adjacent to Lake Malaren. The city buses are fuelled by our own biogas. New sport and cultural facilities have been built. In cooperation with the business community and the City, Malardalen University is contributing more and more to the development of Vasteras. Vasteras is growing and developing more than ever.
The City of Vasteras is one of Sweden’s 289 municipalities. Swedish municipalities have a great autonomy and the way they are organized differ in various ways. Municipalities are bound by law to provide certain services, while other areas are covered on a voluntary basis. By law, municipalities are responsible for:
- social services
- the school system
- planning and building issues
- health and environmental protection
- waste management, refuse and street cleaning
- water and sewage
- emergency and rescue services
- contingency planning and safety
- chief guardian/public trustee services
Other services provided on a voluntary basis include:
- recreation and leisure activities
- cultural services
- energy operations
Vasteras is one of Sweden's oldest cities. Just outside Vasteras lies Anundshög, the country´s largest ancient burial mound. As early as the Viking Age, Vasteras was a significant trading centre. At the beginning of the 11th century Vasteras was Sweden’s second largest city and in the 12th century, Vasteras was named a diocese and the construction of Vasteras Cathedral began.
In the 14th century Vasteras Castle was developed into a castle stronghold. In 1520 it was captured by the Danes but King Gustav Vasa liberated Västerås in April 1521. The reformation of Vasteras of 1527 was an important historic event whereby King Gustav Vasa ended Catholicism in Sweden. When mining began in the 13th century; Vasteras became the country’s most important shipping port for iron and copper from the Bergslagen mining region. In 1623, Bishop Johannes Rudbeckius founded Sweden’s oldest upper secondary school, which still exists today.
The next significant period for Vasteras began with industrialization when a turbine building was built on the river Svartan in 1891. The city's entire development was significantly enhanced by Asea's (after a merger with Brown Boweri, ABB) and by the founding of the metal works, Svenska Metallverken. Vasteras became one of the country´s foremost industrial cities. The engineering industry has been very important for Vasteras, but today the business life is more diverse, focusing on high technology, automation, logistics and trade.
Stadshuset, Fiskartorget, Vasteras
+ 46 21 39 00 00
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